Omnibus surveys provide those seeking information about markets and opinions with a means to get quick, relatively low cost answers to their questions without financing and organising a full market or opinion research survey themselves. The research company conducts a number of interviews with the target group on a regular basis: these interviews combine a number of standard questions which are always asked - generally including demographic information (age, sex, occupation) or eg company classification information for a business survey - with questions effectively sponsored by clients. The answers to these questions are analysed shortly afterwards, cross-referenced with some or all of the classification data, and delivered to the client either as tables or in a report.
A client looking to design an advertising campaign for a new off-road vehicle wishes to know, in a hurry, what percentage of car owners have ever thought about buying a 4-wheel drive vehicle. He/she calls a supplier running a motoring Omnibus on Wednesday and submits two questions:
Interviews are conducted by the following methods:
The research company telephones random dialled numbers at the weekend, uses classification questions to ensure the sample reflects the known characteristics of the motoring population as a whole, identifies drivers and conducts interviews with 1,000 motorists.
These interviews might contain about 30 questions of which 10 are classification questions and the other 20 consist of small groups of questions such as those above, sponsored by individual clients.
The answers are entered directly into a computer during the interview. When all 1,000 are completed, the results are analysed and by Tuesday the client has been supplied with answers to his/her own questions, broken down according to the groups used in classification questions.
The overall charge is £350 per question plus £100 for various extra breakdowns of results by classification groups - the client pays £800 and has answers 6 days after deciding he/she needed the information. To conduct a separate survey would have cost far more and taken far longer because the client has effectively shared most of the costs of the survey with all the others who have sponsored questions - these include:
- 'Have you ever owned a four-wheel drive vehicle?' (2 answers possible - Yes/No)
- If not: 'Have you ever investigated or seriously considered purchasing a 4 wheel drive vehicle?' (Yes / No).
In addition, the regular nature of the survey means that there are further economies of scale, research executives benefit from the experience of previous waves of the survey and the operation improves in efficiency as time goes on, at least in theory.
- design of the sample for the survey - decisions on who to interview to get a representative picture, etc...
- devising and asking classification questions
- executive time managing the survey
- most importantly, recruitment of 1,000 people prepared to answer questions.
- (usually CATI)
- either in the street or in home, and either using pen and paper or CAPI technology
- occasionally using post or the internet.
For more information about Omnibus surveys or any other kind of market research please contact the Market Research Society Tel: +44 (0)20 7490 4911.