MrWeb's MR-a-thon

Beijing to London, via... Everywhere!

Welcome To Libya
Country number
Selected MR Agencies

An Introduction to Libya

Libya was inhabited by Berber tribes in ancient times, ruled by various Arab empires until 1551 and by the Ottoman Empire until 1911, and united in something like its present form as Italian Libya from then until its independence in 1951. See full country profile.

Latest Research News from Africa

Mar 29
Melissa Baker has joined Ipsos as CEO for Public Affairs, Sub-Saharan Africa and MENA, based in Nairobi Mar 29 2021
Mar 22
Trade association ESOMAR has named ScaleHouse Consulting founder Kristin Luck as President of its Council, replacing Joaquim Bretcha of Netquest who has completed his two-year term. MindSpark founder Nikki Lavoie is the new Vice President, and five of the remaining eight members are also women. Mar 22 2021

2 current African jobs:

Research Manager or Associate Director, Open Location, GBP 35-50,000 - (posted Sep 11 2020)
Qual Researcher with Fluent Arabic and English - 1-2 month Freelance / Contract, Open Location, GBP 250-300 per day (depending on experience and location) - (posted Aug 5 2020)
Know of an MR agency based in Libya? We don't - please get in touch

Fast Facts
Map of Libya
CAPITAL: Tripoli (Tarabulus)
GOVERNMENT: transitional... see right
AREA: 1,759,540 sq km
POPULATION: 6,597,960 (July 2011 est.) - includes 166,510 non-nationals
MAJOR LANGUAGE: Official Language: Arabic
Leptis Magna, Libya
Leptis Magna, Libya

Treble Top The so-called Punic civilisation, with its capital at Carthage, extended across much of the North African coast by the 5th century BC. Its power and ambition peaked with Hannibal's wars against Rome late in the third century BC. Punic settlements on the Libyan coast included Oea (later Tripoli), Libdah (later Leptis Magna - now one of the most spectacular Roman ruins to be found anywhere) and Sabratha. The area containing these was known as 'Tripolis' or 'Three Cities', from which the country's modern capital takes its name.

A little More Knowledge?
Go to next country

Libya in Profile

Libya was inhabited by Berber tribes in ancient times, ruled by various Arab empires until 1551 and by the Ottoman Empire until 1911, and united in something like its present form as Italian Libya from then until its independence in 1951.

A kingdom until 1969, the country then saw a coup d'ãtat and became the Libyan Arab Republic, led by Colonel Muammar Gaddafi for the next 42 years. After popular movements overturned the rulers of Tunisia and Egypt, its immediate neighbours to the west and east, Libya experienced a full-scale revolt beginning on 17 February 2011. On 27 June 2011, the International Criminal Court issued an arrest warrant for Gaddafi, and on Thursday 20th October 2011) he was killed while fleeing his home town of Sirte, whose capture marks the effective end of the civil war. The National Transitional Council, led by Mustafa Abdul Jalil, is the new de facto power throughout the country.

Some Business and General Info

GDP: $90.57 billion (2010 est.) - $14,000 per capita (2010 est.)

Religions Sunni Muslim (official) 97%, other 3%

Currency: Dinar (LYD) - GBP 1 = LYD 1.95

Telephone Code: + 218

Research Industry

Not much to speak of...

Overview of Trade and Industry

Libya's oil industry accounts for almost all export earnings and about a quarter of GDP. After the discovery of oil in 1959 Libya went from being the poorest country in Africa to the richest, and as recently as the 1980s it was one of the richest countries in the world having a higher GDP than Italy, Singapore, South Korea, Spain and New Zealand. Today it still has one of the highest GDPs per capita in Africa. The majority of wealth is held by relatively few people, but levels of absolute and relative poverty are still low compared to other countries in the region.

Climate and poor soils mean agricultural output in Libya is severely limited and around 75% of food is imported. Some 28% of the population don't have access to clean drinking water, although the Great Manmade River project is aiming to tap in to vast underground reserves of fresh water which should help.

The head of the Libyan Stabilisation Team estimates that it will take around ten years to rebuild Libya's infrastructure, the destructive war having followed years of 'utter neglect' by the Gaddafi administration.

Libya exported $46.3bn of goods in 2010, including crude oil, petrol products, gas and chemicals, with Italy the largest export partner - others were Germany, France, China, Spain and the USA. Imports totalling $24.6bn included machinery, food and consumer products, again with Italy the major partner but with many other regions of Europe, Asia and Africa involved.

My view
Researchers Talk!
Have your say!
If you are a researcher based in Libya, in whatever capacity, then we would love to hear from you!

Email me:

Views from...

Research in Libya ought to be fascinating - anybody got a view to contribute?